How well is your thyroid?

Hey all..Time for some health post today… that too on one of the important hormone in our lives..

Yes.. it is about the thyroid gland & its hormone..

ASK YOURSELF

Fatigue is what you are left with at the end of the day? Are you gaining weight or losing hair?

Are you experiencing chills or feel hot? Sweaty & anxious too?

Your thyroid could be to blame!

WHAT IS THE THYROID GLAND?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in front of the neck. It produces thyroxine hormones that control the human metabolism.

Thyoid disorders can slow down or rev up your metabolism – which is more prevalent among women!

Getting the right treatment is critical to regulate thyroid hormones in the body.

Lets take a sneak peek at the wide range of symptoms of thyroid irregularities…

WEIGHT GAIN/LOSS

Unexplained weight gain or loss is characteristic of thyroid hormone issues.

Weight gain could be due to low levels of the hormone (termed HYPOTHYROIDISM) and weight loss could be in cases when the gland produces more hormone than required by the body (termed HYPERTHYROIDISM).

Hypothyroidism (low levels of thyroxine hormones) is the most common disorder.

SWELLING IN THE NECK

An enlargement or swelling in the front of the neck is another notable symptom.  It is termed as GOITRE and can be caused due to both Hypo- & Hyper- thyroidism.

Sometimes this swelling could also be due to nodules of thyroid cancer. So immediate attention is required in this condition.

CHANGE IN HEART BEAT RATE

Since these hormones regulate the entire metabolism (consumption of energy) of the body – they also influence and affect every organ of the body too.

People with hypothyroidism can feel that their heart beat is slower than the normal. Likewise hyperthyroidism causes the heart to speed up – resulting in high blood pressure & palpitations too in cases.

MOOD SWINGS

You that you get it when you are going thru your PMS days?

Thyroid disorders also cause mood swings and fluctuations in energy levels.

Here too, hypothyroidism makes people go tired easily, sluggish or depressed. Hyperthyroidism causes anxiety, insomnia (sleeplessness) or get irritated easily.

HAIR LOSS

This is another visible and important sign that your thyroid hormones are out of balance.

Both hypo- & hyper- thyroidism cause hair fall.

Read tips on hair care here.

FEELING TOO HOT/COLD

These hormones also interrupt the body’s ability to regulate its temperature. Thus, people with hypo- feel more cold than usual and people with hyper- tend to feel very hot and sweaty.

 
OTHER SYMPTOMS TO LOOK OUT FOR

HYPO-

  • Dry skin
  • Brittle nails
  • Constipation
  • Abnormal menstruation

 

HYPER-
  • Vision problems
  • Diarrhoea
  • Irregular menstruation
DIAGNOSIS

A blood test to test the levels of thyroid hormones and TSH – Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, secreted by the pituitary gland near the brain lets know of disorders if any.

A family history increases the risk of one’s chance to inherit this disorder.

SELF-CHECK

Hold your head back – Gulp down some water – As you swallow check your neck above the collar bone – Look for a bulge or some protrusion – Repeat this few more times.

See a doc if you spot a lump or a bulge.

WHAT IF UNTREATED?

If left untreated, hypo- can cause elevated cholesterol levels and make you susceptible to cardiac attacks.

Very low level of thyroid hormones can cause loss of consciousness and huge drop in body temperature.

Untreated hyper- can cause heart problems too and brittle bones.

They also affect the fertility in the long run!

TREATMENT

For hypo-, the patient is usually treated with a pill, which serves as a hormone replacement. One needs to take these pills life long in most cases!

 

For hyper-, anti-thyroid medication is prescribed to lower the level of
the hormone in the body. This may be taken for a long term too.

If anti-thyroid medication don’t work – surgery may be suggested.

THYROID CANCER

It is one of the uncommon cancers and is not deadly.

Once detected, surgery is followed by radioactive therapy or external radiation.

Hope this post was helpful! Have you checked your thyroid levels yet?

Love,

HnB

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